如何弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫的启发的贝克德尔测验

评论关闭关于如何弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫的启发的贝克德尔测验

该公司最近透露,贝克德尔测验,女权主义基准电影首先起源于由艾莉森·贝德尔连环画于1985年,伍尔夫的书自己的房间被间接启发,根据该周刊的一篇文章:

“在原来的条状,一对夫妇讨论是否要去看电影,并得到一些爆米花。一个是不知道的,因为她有一个规则:“我只去看电影,如果它满足三个基本要求,”她解释说。‘One, it has to have at least two women in it, who, two, talk to each other about, three, something besides a man.’ When her girlfriend says those criteria are good, but pretty strict, she responds, ‘No kidding. Last movie I was able to see was Alien. The two women in it talk to each other about the monster.’ Having walked past three uber-masculine posters for movies about mercenaries, barbarians, and vigilantes, the two women give up on the idea of a film altogether, and go home to make popcorn. The sentiment wasn’t new; as Bechdel later explained, it came from Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s Own. In the novel, Woolf’s narrator responds to a surprising book she is reading. ‘Chloe liked Olivia,’ I read. And then it struck me how immense a change was there. Chloe liked Olivia perhaps for the first time in literature.’ When it comes to female literary characters, ‘so much has been left out, unattempted,’ Woolf’s narrator thinks. She struggles to think of texts that show women as friends, and marvels at texts that show women having ‘interests besides the perennial interests of domesticity.’ Sixty years after A Room of One’s Own, those observations remained accurate, and almost 30 years after Bechdel’s strip, they still are.”

这篇文章的来源是艾莉森·贝德尔写的博客文章自己,在2013年11月,在此期间,她将讨论贝克德尔测验的鲜为人知的由来:

“我在大学讲了很多,和同学总是问我有关的测试。徳赢体育(Many young people only know my name because of the Test—they don’t know about my comic strip or books.) (I’m not complaining! I’m happy they know my name at all!) But at one school I visited recently, someone pointed out that the Test is really just a boiled down version of Chapter 5 of A Room of One’s Own, the ‘Chloe liked Olivia’ chapter. I was so relieved to have someone make that connection. I am pretty certain that my friend Liz Wallace, from whom I stole the idea in 1985, stole it herself from Virginia Woolf. Who wrote about it in 1926.”

由于连环画是超过29年前出版的贝克德尔测验已成为现代电影的讨论的一个重要组成部分。贝克德尔测验

然而,在该周刊指出的文章,这也成为普遍误解了,有时批评为只是一个有缺陷的和简单的指标,基于当所有这是有史以来打算成为一个技术性的行列电影是促进讨论的工具而在电影和媒体的性别平等意识。

该测试是不是被全部和最终所有的电影评论,它仅仅是一种方式来获得观众谈论女人在电影表现的方式。徳赢体育

除了是电影一个女权主义者的标杆,它是从这些文章明显,贝克德尔测验也证明了影响伍尔夫仍然有不只是文学,但所有的现代艺术形式,生动地证明,她的想法生活她经过后甚至几十年。

资料来源:
该周刊;在电影的女孩:为什么贝克德尔测验仍是如此难能可贵的;莫妮卡Bartyzel;2014年3月14日:http://theweek.com/article/index/257970/girls-on-film-why-the-bechdel-test-is-still-so-valuable
戴克斯需要提防:暴躁;艾莉森·贝德尔;2013年11月8日:http://dykestowatchoutfor.com/testy
Flickr的:艾莉森·贝德尔:https://secure.flickr.com/photos/zizyphus/

如何弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫的启发的贝克德尔测验
检举这个广告